Introduction

Management has become an integral part of everyday life, whether at home, in the office, in the factory, in government, or in any other organization where a group of people gathers for a common goal. Management principles are applied in a variety of ways, including finance management,  machinery management,  materials management,  personnel management,  planning, policies,  practice management, priorities,  resource management, and time management. This blog explains The Management Concepts from The Mahabharata.

Management is a method of carrying out all actions in any sector of human endeavor in a methodical manner. It’s about maintaining interaction with other people while carrying out one’s responsibilities. Its mission is to make people capable of working together and to make their flaws inconsequential (the Management Guru Peter Drucker).

It creates a sense of balance in the workplace, including ideas and actions, goals and accomplishments, plans and performance, and products and markets. It overcomes scarcity situations, whether in the physical, technical, or human realms, by making optimal use of the fewest possible methods to attain the goal.

Confusion, delay,  destruction, Disorder,  even sadness, and  Wastage will result from a lack of administration.

Man is the first syllable in management, which says a lot about a man’s role and importance in a management plan. (Of course, the term ‘man’ refers to both men and women.)

Management techniques have become more complex as the world has become a larger global village, and what was once deemed to be a golden rule is now considered outdated.

Teamwork, Division of Work, Allocation of Work to Appropriate Persons, Leading, and Motivating are only a few examples of management ideas. Management concepts may be found everywhere: at work, at home, in temples, in classical Tamil literature such as Thirukkural and Silapathikaram, and even in India’s epics Ramayana and Mahabharata. The epic “Mahabharata”, like the “Ramayana”, contains many management lessons for today’s company leaders and managers. Ambition, jealousy, the desire for power, and the pursuit of goals regardless of the justice of the tactics employed — all of life’s inconsistencies are poignantly brought to light. This presentation will go over the management themes depicted in Mahabharata, the Great Indian Epic. This blog explains the Management Concepts from the Mahabharata.

 Introduction to Mahabharata

Mahabharata, or Great India, is claimed to have been composed between 400 and 100 BCE by a Brahmin named Vyasa, but no one knows for sure. Throughout the ages, priestly writers and editors with varying perspectives were to add to the work, resulting in Mahabharata becoming three times its initial size. Mahabharata was divided into eighteen books, each of which contained verses intermingled with prose portions. It aimed to explain the era when Aryan tribes in northern India banded together to form kingdoms, and when these petty kingdoms battled for dominance. The project aims to create an encyclopedia of moral concepts. Krishna, a royal personage derived from the gods and an eighth incarnation of the god Vishnu, is one of the story’s heroes.

The heroes of the Mahabharata are depicted as desirous of power but, like the heroes of the Ramayana, devoted to truth, with a strong sense of duty and affection for their parents. Vishnu and Shiva were given more prominence in their new Mahabharata contributions. The Bhagavad Gita (Lord’s Song), shortened to the Gita by many, is a narrative that was integrated into the Mahabharata. The Bhagavad Gita is considered Hinduism’s greatest famous literature, and so many people read it on a daily basis until modern times — a work that Mahatma Gandhi referred to as an infallible guide to conduct. Krishna is Vishnu’s new incarnation, according to Bhagavad Gita. In northwestern India, Krishna was initially a non-Aryan divinity.

Management Concepts Depicted in Mahabharata/ The Management Concepts from the Mahabharata

Commitment over Competence

Bhisma, Drona, and Karna reveal that the Kauravas had extremely capable people with them when the Panadavas utilized some type of cunning to overwhelm the Kaurava leaders. The disparity was due to the people on both sides’ differing levels of devotion.

  1. Bhisma: gave up his secret in order to live and did not try to assassinate the Pandavas.
  2. Drona: he gave away his secret far too subtly.
  3. Karna degraded Yudhisthira and Bhima but did not kill them.

The Pandava army, on the other hand, showed great dedication:

  1. Abhimanyu, a 16-year-old youth, participated in a suicide mission in the chakravyu. To defeat this dedicated soldier, it took the united efforts of seven capable warriors.
  2. Ghatotkach purposefully landed in the army ranks, dealing devastation even as he died.
  3. Yudhisthira proceeded to fight Karna, well aware that he would lose.

When putting together a team, having people who are passionate and devoted is always preferable to having people who excel individually. The best man for the job is the most committed one, not the one who has the finest talents.

Take calculated risks, but keep your strategies flexible

Yudhistira went to the elders at the start of the conflict to seek their blessings, but they always disclosed the secret of their downfall. It was a well-executed master strategy to raise the morale or dharma cause that linked his soldiers together.

He took a calculated risk and gave everyone the chance to switch sides if they so desired. In actuality, he was taking advantage of the enemy’s lack of cohesion, but it may have backfired. The fighters’ abilities and the strength of the divisions were skewed in favor of the Kauravas, which could have prompted him to desert. When Yuyutsu crossed over to the Panadav side, it worked in his favor.

Any activity in the real world entails some level of risk, and all of our decisions must be based on an assessment of these risks. Both the Pandavas and the Kauravas took chances, but while Duryodhana’s decisions were impulsive and egotistical, the Pandavas took measured risks that mostly paid off. However, the two armies’ differing decision-making teaches us one thing: there are no flawless plans.

Women’s Empowerment

The Mahabharata, and by extension Hinduism, is perhaps the first and only religious text to recognize the value of women in all aspects of society. Some argue that Draupadi’s dishorning represents the exploitation of the world by its occupants, whereas woman represents the world we live in and man represents the people who live in it.

The Kauravas had a fully patriarchal system in the epic, with commanders like Bhisma, a celibate who couldn’t see things from a woman’s point of view.

Pandavas were reliant on women’s participation and opinions. Kunti, their mother, was the ultimate authority, and Yudhistira’s word was dharma. Draupadi was Pandavas’ friend, and without her, they would have stayed in the jungle forever.

Women always contribute a complete view of the problem to any decision-making system. The male attributes of aggression and dominance are balanced by the feminine ones of harmony and sustainability. Only a team that can maintain this equilibrium throughout time can be successful.

DRAUPADI

Lord Krishna is the world’s best crisis manager

Any discussion with Mahabharata would be incomplete without mentioning Lord Krishna. His holiness shines throughout the story, and Pandavas would have struggled to win if it weren’t for him. Let us put aside his divinity for a moment and consider him from the perspective of a manager. The lord Krishna explained many the Management Concepts from the Mahabharata.

Lord Krishna’s management principles are complicated, especially when they appear to be full of trickery, deception, and clash with Dharma at times. He tried everything he could to prevent a conflict, but on the battlefield, the only thing that matters is winning. After some thought, you realize that only Lord Krishna understands his exact mission on the battlefield. Duryodhana is fighting for the text of the law and Pandavas for the spirit of the law. Krishna is on the scene to defend morals.

His actions offer us a vital lesson: to understand the bigger picture. Is it to outperform the competition? He says no. Consider the big picture in order to mirror your actions. Don’t sacrifice future demands for immediate gratification. He is the first sustainability teacher.

Work on your flaws, enhance your skills, and never stop learning

Having recently lost their kingdom and honor, the Pandavas used their time in exile to learn new skills. Arjuna, the world’s most skilled archer, set out to obtain new weaponry. Yudhisthira learned the game of dice, his nemesis, and became unbeatable at it after receiving teachings from different knowledgeable rishis. These newfound abilities gave them an advantage in the last battle. In today’s world, management/technology principles learned today will be obsolete in the future. As a result, we must always develop, especially when our careers are at a low point.

Share your Responsibility and liability

The Kauravas had a centralized leadership structure, with one army chief in charge of all 11 divisions at any given time (akshouhini). Bhisma, Drona, Karna, Shalya, and Aswathamma pass the command as they fall, and the army is left without a leader for a short time. Duryodhana is in de facto control, notwithstanding the commanders. Conflicts frequently arise as a result of this leadership duality.

The Pandavas, on the other hand, had a more contemporary army management structure. Arjuna was the army’s chief commander, and Lord Krishna served as his advisor. Dhristadymna was the commander-in-chief as well as the leader of one of the seven divisions (akshouhini), along with six others.

Sharing responsibility, and hence power, promote management democracy and reduces reliance on a single person, lowering danger.

Teamwork Succeeds

With a numerical superiority (11 divisions vs. 7 for the Pandavas), the Kauravas’ generals fought their own battles:

  1. Bhisma: for his commitment to safeguarding Hastinapur’s throne
  2. Drona and Kripa: for their allegiance to the throne
  3. Karna: for his friendship with Duryodhana and for proving his mettle against Arjuna
  4. Shalya: a Pandav ally to demoralize the Kaurava

They were a wonderful group of people that made a lousy team. Often compared to a jar of bees, hornets, and mosquitos with ego clashes (Bhisma-Karna, Bhisma-Shakuni, Karna-Shalya). The Pandavas, on the other hand, battled with a single aim in mind, putting aside personal views such as Yudhisthira lying to Drona or Arjuna killing Karna. Again, they were all involved in the decision-making process. Individuality fails where teamwork succeeds, but the team established must share the same vision, aim, and passion.

Give each member of your team a personal goal

Each squad should have its own set of objectives. This will help you develop enthusiasm, which will benefit you in the long run. Despite the fact that the Pandavas were all working towards the same end objective, they each played a unique part in the conflict.

Take Advantage of Every Possibility

Keep an eye out for changes that aren’t related to your current position. Never put too much emphasis on the goal of defeating your opponent. Rather, focus all of your efforts on a larger goal: increasing the strength and power of your company.

Acquire Allies

Against a hundred, five brothers triumphed. What do you think Pandavas did to accomplish this? They were able to reap the benefits of the relationships they had built over the years. You may be preoccupied with your personal development at the moment, but you must begin reaching out to others and forming alliances. When the time comes, they will push you forward.

Distribute Work

The more people working toward various goals, the more efficient the product will be. The Kauravas’ one-man leadership method didn’t work, and it won’t work for you either.

Learn How to Inspire Teamwork

The Kauravas were numerous, yet they lacked strength. Make your teamwork towards a common goal rather than individual goals. Everyone is welcome to contribute. Listen to everyone and teach them how to work together.

Commitment – Keep It Strong

Don’t back out after you’ve decided to take on a challenge. If the Pandavas had been concerned about their small numbers in comparison to the Kauravas, they would never have tried. Determination and commitment will undoubtedly get you far.

Recognize the potential of every one of your team members

If you’re going to lead a team, you need to know what role they’re best suited for. The Pandavas learned how to tap into the energies of each individual in their army. You should be astute enough to maximize your team’s talent and potential.

Concentration

Multitasking has become a buzzword in the business world. Arjuna, on the other hand, demonstrates a type of attention that entails a total focus on the subject at hand. He has become a superb archer of his time as a result of this technique. He excels at completing the task at hand, whether it’s the bird whose eyes alone he can see before shooting his arrow, or the rotating fish whose eye he has to penetrate based on the picture cast in the water run below in King Drupada’s court.

Managers who appear to be pleased with their day’s job will almost always reveal the same secret to you: they did something worthwhile that day! They can excel in the tasks at hand because they strive for perfection. And concentrating on a single task at a time is really beneficial!

Key to Failure

Duryodhana, as the crown prince of the Kauravas, begins a war that must be fought under the command of commanders who have a soft spot for the Pandavas! All of his commanders – Bhishma, Dronacharya, and Shalya – are only duty obliged to support him, except for Karna and his own brothers like Dushasana et al. Their true feelings are for the Pandavas. As a result, he is saddled with an army that, while vastly greater in size than the Pandavas’, is severely lacking in drive. Gluttony, envy, and jealousy led to Duryodhana’s demise.

In the economic sector, we frequently encounter foolhardy executives who set unrealistically high ambitions. Failure is unavoidable if the resources at their disposal are not taking into consideration.

Avoid Arrogance

The story of Nahusha, who falls from favour after occupying the throne of Indra, the God-King, is one of the many sub-plots in the Mahabharata. His downfall is the result of his arrogance and pride.

Power and self bring with them a lot of responsibilities. Successful CEOs are aware of this, and they take extra precautions to maintain their pride and modify their interpersonal interactions accordingly.

All are strategies explaining from the Mahabharata that focused the Management Concepts from the Mahabharata

Conclusion

Several more narratives in Mahabharata could be valuable to management practitioners and the Management Concepts from the Mahabharata. Furthermore, depending on how one approaches the analysis, each narrative can be understood in a variety of ways. We just touched on a handful of the management topics discussed in this blog.

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