Top 5 Treatments of Melasma for Men and Women

What is Melasma?

Melasma is a pigmentation disorder that shows up on the skin as dark or grey areas, especially on the face. You can see many people with Melasma around your environment. Preventing Melasma is not a big challenge, the correct treatment prevents Melasma. This blog deals with the Top 5 Treatments of Melasma for Men and Women.

Melasma is a common skin condition that affects many people. In a broad sense, the term means “black spot.” Melasma is a skin disorder that creates spots that are light brown, dark brown, or blue-gray in color. Flat patches and freckle-like areas can be seen. The cheekbones, upper lip, and forehead, as well as your forearms, are commonly afflicted locations. Melasma is known as the “pregnancy mask” because it commonly affects women who are expecting. Melasma darkens and lightens over time, with summers being worse and winters being better.

Melasma is also known as chloasma, which is a less common name. Even though this illness is innocuous, it does cause some people to feel self-conscious. Melasma is a common skin problem that develops in both men and women.

Top 5 Treatments of Melasma for Men and Women

Symptoms of Melasma

Developing Melasma most commonly appears on the face in the following areas:

  • bridge of the Nose
  • cheeks
  • forehead
  • upper lip

Melasma can form on other parts of the body as well, particularly those that are exposed to a lot of sunlight. These may include the following:

  • forearms
  • neck
  • shoulders

Men account for only 10% of all cases of Melasma, according to the American Academy of Dermatology. Melasma is more likely to develop in women with darker complexions who are pregnant.

What are the types of Melasma?

  1. Melasma has four different pigmentation patterns:
  2. The presence of abundant melanin in the surface layers of skin distinguishes epidermal Melasma.
  3. The presence of melanophages (cells that eat melanin) across the dermis distinguishes dermal Melasma.
  4. Melasma that is both epidermal and dermal, is known as mixed Melasma.
  5. Dark-skinned people have an excess of melanocytes in their skin..

Causes of Melasma

Melasma is a skin condition caused by an excess of melanin in some areas of the skin. Melanin is a pigment found in the eyes, skin, and hair that gives them their color. Melanin production is higher in those with darker skin tones, while it is lower in people with lighter skin tones.

Melanocytes are skin cells that produce melanin. These cells occasionally fail for unknown reasons, causing them to produce more melanin in some regions than others. Melasma causes are dark, blotchy skin conditions caused by an excess of melanin.

Melasma is characterized by the darkening of the epidermis, which is the skin’s top layer. While hyperpigmentation is limited to the epidermis, there is growing evidence that the deeper layers of the skin (dermis) play a role in the formation of Melasma.

How to Get Rid of Melasma – Top 5 Treatments of Melasma for Men and Women

Melasma is a skin condition that can be treated in several ways. These therapies can be used alone or in combination, according to your dermatologist’s advice. Before starting treatment, diagnose Melasma properly with the best dermatologist. The following are the most prevalent Melasma treatments:

1. Chemical Facial Peels

There are several treatments for Melasma but chemical facial peels are the best treatment and it reduces Melasma. A chemical peel removes the top layer of the skin by using a specific solution. The procedure removes discolored spots and melanin pigment from the skin while also encouraging new skin growth. Melasma is best treated with a mix of chemical peels and a topical skin lightener. This provides more consistent peel penetration and lowers the likelihood of post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation (where the skin gets darker instead of lighter).

2. Lasers

A laser, or Light Amplification by Stimulated Emission of Radiation, is a concentrated beam of light energy that is used to heat and destroy precise targets in the skin. Chromophores, which comprise melanin, are the targets of skin-lightening lasers. Conservative (low-energy) treatments are usually indicated to reduce the risk of rebound pigmentation, which occurs when the skin becomes darker rather than lighter. As a result, lasers are only used as a second or third-line therapy option for Melasma.

3. Microneedling

Microneedles are extremely small needles with a length of 0.1–1 mm. They can be used to produce pores in the top layer of skin, allowing topical cream ingredients to permeate into the layers of skin that contain blood vessels and pigment cells. When used with topical treatments, microneedling is most effective. Microneedling does not have a strong database for treating Melasma on its own.

4. Prescription Medicated Topical Creams

Prescription medicated topical creams combine chemicals that have been shown to lighten skin, halt melanin formation, reduce inflammation, and accelerate skin exfoliation into a cream that you apply to the affected area. These sorts of creams commonly contain kojic acid, tranexamic acid, and hydroquinone. Topical creams are administered daily at intervals determined by your dermatologist or the manufacturer’s instructions (depending on your product of choice).

5. Melasma Treatment at Home

There are a variety of at-home Melasma treatments available, including over-the-counter Melasma creams that are applied one or more times a day, depending on the manufacturer’s instructions. These over-the-counter lotions have weaker chemicals than prescription creams, making them less effective – if they are effective at all.

Essential oils, turmeric, apple cider vinegar and other home remedies for Melasma are just a few of the options. These treatments, on the other hand, have not been thoroughly researched and should only be utilized after speaking with your dermatologist. This blog explains the Top 5 Treatments of Melasma for Men and Women.

References

  1. “What Is Melasma?” Medical News Today, Nov. 2018, www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/323715#outlook.
  2. “Melasma.” Cleveland Clinic, 27 July 2020, my.clevelandclinic.org/health/diseases/21454-Melasma.
  3. “Melasma.” Cleveland Clinic, 27 July 2020, my.clevelandclinic.org/health/diseases/21454-Melasma.
  4. Angela Palmer. “An Overview of Melasma.” Verywell Health, 14 Feb. 2020, www.verywellhealth.com/Melasma-overview-4588702.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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